National steel industry development policy
Iron and steel industry is the important basic industry of national economy, is to realize the industrialization of the supporting industry, technology, capital, resources, energy intensive industries, the development of steel industry need to overall balance various external conditions. Our country is a big developing country, in quite a long period of the economic development of the steel demand is bigger, production has many years first in the world, but the iron and steel industry technical level and material consumptions and there are gaps when compared with the international advanced level, development focus on technological upgrading and structural adjustment in the future. In order to improve the overall technical level, iron and steel industry to promote structural adjustment, improve the industry layout, the development of circular economy and reduce the energy consumption of material consumptions, attaches great importance to environmental protection, improve the comprehensive competitiveness of enterprises, to achieve industrial upgrading, the steel industry to develop basic on the quantity, quality, variety meet the demand of national economy and social development, with the international competitiveness of industry, according to relevant laws and regulations and the iron and steel industry faces the situation both at home and abroad, the iron and steel industry development policy, to guide the healthy development of steel industry.
Chapter I policy objectives
First, according to the needs of China's economic and social development and the situation of resources, energy and environmental protection, the production capacity of steel should be kept in a reasonable scale. The specific scale can be solved in the planning. The comprehensive competition ability of iron and steel reaches the international advanced level, making our country become the world steel production big country and the competitive power.
Second, through the product structure adjustment, by 2010, China's iron and steel products excellent rate has increased significantly, most of the products meet the basic building, machinery, chemical industry, automobile, household appliances, vessels, traffic, railway, military industry and new industries such as most industries of national economy development needs.
Article 3. Through the adjustment of the steel industry organization structure, the merger and reorganization shall be implemented to enlarge the size of the backbone enterprise group with comparative advantage and increase the concentration degree of the industry. By 2010, the number of steel smelting enterprises was significantly reduced, and the number of steel enterprises in the top 10 domestic steel companies accounted for more than 50 percent of China's output. More than 70% in 2020.
Fourth, through the adjustment of the steel industry layout, by 2010, the layout of the unreasonable situation has been improved; By 2020, we will have a more reasonable industrial layout with resources and energy supply, transportation allocation, market supply and demand, and environmental capacity.
Article 5. In accordance with the concept of sustainable development and circular economy, we will improve the comprehensive utilization of environmental protection and resources and reduce energy consumption. We will improve the comprehensive utilization of waste gas, waste water and waste, and strive to achieve "zero emission" and build a circular steel plant. Iron and steel enterprises must develop the surplus heat, spare energy to recycle electricity generation, and the steel joint enterprises of more than 5 million tons should strive to achieve the power supply for themselves, and realize external supply. In 2005, the total industry tonnage energy consumption reduced to 0.76 tons of coal and tonnage of the equivalent energy consumption of 0.70 tons. In 2010, it was reduced to 0.73 tons of coal, 0.685 tons of coal and less than 8 tons. In 2020, it will be reduced to 0.7 tons of coal, 0.64 tons of coal and less than 6 tons. In the next ten years, the iron and steel industry will achieve a modest development under the premise that the total amount of water consumption and the total amount of energy consumed will not increase.
Article 6, before the end of 2005, all of pollutant discharge in iron and steel enterprises in accordance with the national and local standards, the main pollutant total amount control indicators should comply with the local environmental protection department for approval.
Chapter ii industrial development planning
Article 7 the state shall guide the health, sustainable and coordinated development of the industry through the development policy and medium - and long-term development planning of the steel industry. The long-term development plan of the steel industry is formulated by the national development and reform commission and the relevant departments.
Article 8, 2003 steel output more than 5 million tons of enterprise group can according to the national steel industry long-term development planning and city master plan, plan of the group, or the national development and reform commission of the state council approved after necessary to connect and balance. The concrete construction in planning project of the national development and reform commission for examination and approval or not approval, go through the land by the enterprise, environmental protection, security, credit, etc. After the examination and approval procedures to implement, and submitted to the national development and reform commission for the record by the regulation.
Article 9 the development of other steel enterprises must meet the requirements of the development policy of the steel industry and the long-term development plan of the steel industry.
Chapter iii adjustment of industrial layout
Article 10. The layout of the steel industry should comprehensively consider mineral resources, energy, water resources, transportation, environmental capacity, market distribution and utilization of foreign resources.
Iron and steel industry layout adjustment, in principle, no longer alone to build new integrated iron and steel enterprises, independent steel mills, steel mills, not promoting the independent rollers, must be based on conditional existing enterprise, combining with the mergers, relocation, in water, raw materials, transportation and market consumption has a comparative advantage areas such as rehabilitation and expansion. The new production capacity should be combined with the elimination of backward production capacity. In principle, steel production capacity will not be expanded substantially.
Important environmental protected areas, serious water shortage area, big city city, no longer the expansion of the iron and steel smelting capacity, regional existing enterprise should combine organization structure, equipment structure, product structure adjustment, the implementation of YaChan, relocation, meet the requirements of environmental protection and resource conservation.
Article 11. The large-scale steel enterprises shall be mainly distributed in the coastal areas in consideration of ore, energy, resources, water resources, transport conditions and domestic and foreign markets. The iron and steel enterprises in the inland region should combine the local market and the ore resource situation with the mineral production, not to seek the expansion of production scale, and take the sustainable production as the main factor.
Northeast of anshan, benxi area there is a rich iron ore resources, near coal producing area, there are certain conditions of water resources, according to the development strategy of revitalization of the northeast old industrial base, the existing iron and steel enterprises in the area to according to the requirements of the joint restructuring and the construction of base, eliminate backward production capacity, the construction of internationally competitive large enterprise groups.
Shortage of water resources in north China, excess capacity is low, should be based on ecological environmental protection requirements, focus on restructuring, merger and reorganization, strictly control the production ChangDian continue to increase and expand production capacity. The relocation of shougang and the restructuring of steel industry in hebei province.
East China steel market potential is great, but the layout is too dense, iron and steel enterprises in the region has a comparative advantage of large-scale backbone enterprises can be combined with organizational structure and product structure adjustment, improve production concentration and the international competition ability.
China and south China have abundant water resources and convenient water transportation. The southeast coastal areas should make full use of the conditions of deep-water port, combine industrial restructuring with the relocation of urban steel mills, and build a large steel joint venture.
Is rich in water resource in southwest China, panzhihua - xichang iron ore and coal resources reserves is big, but the traffic inconvenience, the existing key leading enterprise to improve the level of equipment, adjust the structure of varieties, the development of high value-added products, ore production, determining the sustainable supply capacity is not the pursuit of an increase in the number of.
In the northwest region, iron ore and water resources are in short supply, and existing backbone enterprises should focus on meeting the economic development needs of the region, not pursuing the expansion of production scale, and actively utilizing the mineral resources of neighboring countries.
Chapter iv industrial and technical policies
Article 12, in order to ensure the industry upgrading and realize the sustainable development of iron and steel industry, prevent low level repeated construction, the steel industry equipment level and technical and economic index access to this rule, the existing enterprise through technological transformation efforts done:
The use area of the sintering machine is 180 square meters and above; The height of coke oven is 6 meters and above; The effective volume of blast furnace is 1000 cubic meters and above; The nominal capacity of the converter is 120 tons and above; The capacity of electric furnace is 70 tons and above.
For the construction of steel projects in the coastal deep-water port area, the effective volume of the blast furnace is greater than 3,000 cubic meters; The capacity of the converter is more than 200 tons, and the steel production is 8 million tons and above.
Integrated iron and steel enterprise technical indicators reached: comprehensive energy consumption of per ton steel blast furnace process is lower than 0.7 tce, below 0.4 tce electric furnace process, new water consumption of per ton steel blast furnace process is lower than 6 tons, less than 3 tons of electric furnace process, water cycle utilization rate of more than 95%. Other steel enterprise process energy consumption indicators should reach the average level of large and medium-sized steel enterprises.
The steel construction project shall save land and strict land management. The relevant departments shall promptly complete the revision of the land index and the standard of construction coefficient.
Article 13, all enterprises must meet the national and local standards, construction project main pollutant total amount control indicators to strictly implement the approved the environmental impact assessment report (table), on more than indicators for pollutants and of the total, are not allowed to production run.
The new high furnace must be synchronous with high furnace residual pressure generator and pulverized coal spraying device; The coke oven must be synchronized with the matching of the dry quenching device and matching the dust collector and coke oven gas desulfurization device; The coke oven, blast furnace and converter must be synchronized with the gas recovery unit. The electric furnace must be equipped with a dust collector.
Enterprises should according to the requirement of the development of circular economy, the construction of sewage and waste comprehensive treatment system, using dry quenching and coke oven, the blast furnace, converter gas recovery and utilization of the gas and steam combined cycle power generation, residual pressure power generation, evaporative cooling, blast furnace flue gas, dust, waste residue such as energy, resources recycling technology, improve the efficiency of energy utilization, resource recycling and environmental improvement.
Article 14, to speed up cultivating the iron and steel industry's capacity for independent innovation, support enterprises to establish products, technology development and scientific research institutions, improve the ability to develop innovative, development with independent intellectual property rights of technology, equipment, technology and products. Support enterprise tracking, research, development and use of continuous casting thin strip, melting reduction and other steel production process frontier technology.
Article 15, the enterprises should actively adopt concentrate charging, oxygen-enriched coal injection, hot metal pretreatment, large blast furnace, converter and ultra high power electric furnace, refining outside the furnace, continuous casting and rolling, controlled rolling and controlled cooling and other advanced technology and equipment.
Article 16. Support and organize the implementation of the localization of steel industrial equipment, and improve the r&d, design and manufacturing of major technical equipment of China's steel industry. For the major projects that are built on the basis of domestic new development equipment, the state will provide policy support such as tax, interest rate and research funding.
Article 17, to speed up elimination and it is prohibited to construct new soil sintering, primitive coke (including improved coke), iron steel, hot sinter, volume 300 cubic meters and below the blast furnace (except professional cast iron pipe factory), 20 tons and below the nominal capacity of converter, nominal capacity of 20 tons and below the electric furnace (except mechanical casting and production of high quality steel products), fold rolled sheet mill, and sufficiently use the blooming mill PuGang medium rolling mill, slaughter 3-roller mill, double duo wire mill, open-train small mill, hot rolled narrow strip mill, the diameter of 76 mm hot rolling seamless pipe unit, medium frequency induction furnace such as backward technology and equipment.
Must strictly abide by the national steel industry timely revision of the catalog of industrial and commercial areas to prevent redundant construction, the backward production capacity, process and product catalogue, or in accordance with the environmental protection regulations, backward technology, product and technology.
Article 18. Import technology and equipment policy: encourage enterprises to adopt domestic equipment and technologies to reduce imports. Equipment and technology that must be imported for domestic production or failure to meet demand should be advanced and practical. We should organize and implement localized production for the equipment that is widely used in the future.
Enterprises shall be prohibited from using outdated and second-hand steel production equipment that is obsolete at home and abroad.
Article 19, the special steel enterprises want to develop in the direction of collectivization and specialization, to encourage use to scrap steel as raw material short flow process, does not support special steel enterprises to adopt electric furnace with high consumption, heavy pollution of small blast furnace process. Encourage special steel enterprises to develop and produce domestic demand for military, bearing, gear, industrial mold, heat resistant, cold, corrosion and other special steel products, improve product quality and technical level.
Chapter v adjustment of enterprise organizational structure
Article 20, steel enterprises to develop in the direction of collectivization, support each other through the combination, merger and reorganization, in the form of ownership and strategic restructuring, reduce the amount of iron and steel production enterprises, the realization of the iron and steel industry structure adjustment, optimization and industrial upgrading.
Support and encourage conditional large enterprise groups, for cross-regional joint reorganization, by 2010, the formation of two 3000 - ton, and several thousand tons of enterprise group with international competitiveness of oversize.
Large iron and steel enterprises must carry on the shareholding system reform and support for its public listing, encourage all kinds of social capital through equity participation, including private capital, mergers and reorganization of the existing iron and steel enterprises, the mechanism of capital structure adjustment and promote innovation.
Article 21. The state support have conditions of joint restructuring of large integrated iron and steel enterprises through structural adjustment and industrial upgrading appropriate to expand the production scale, improve the degree of intensive production, and to advocate complementary separation, personnel distribution, social security and other aspects of policy support.
Chapter vi investment management
Article 22, the state of all kinds of economic types of investment main body of domestic iron and steel industry and domestic companies to invest overseas steel shall carry out necessary management, economic activity in the field of investment steel projects should be in accordance with the provisions, to the national development and reform commission for examination and approval or examination and approval.
Article 23. In the construction of iron, steel, steel, steel, etc., the proportion of enterprises' own capital must reach 40% and above.
Construction steel projects in addition to meet the ecological environmental protection, production safety, the national laws and regulations requirements, companies must also have strong financial strength, advanced technology and management ability, and a sound marketing network, water resources, mineral raw materials, coal and electricity energy, transportation and other external conditions to stable and reliable and basic implementation.
Steel enterprises across the region to invest in steel joint enterprise project, the steel production of steel enterprises must reach 5 million tons and above, the production of special steel enterprises reached 500 thousand tons and above. Of incorporated business enterprise of iron and steel iron and steel enterprise investment project, must have the financial strength and high credibility, must be conducted to the enterprise registered capital verification, bank credit certification, an accounting firm to provide performance report, conditional selection project owners by way of bidding.
Foreign invest in China's iron and steel industry, iron and steel enterprises must have steel independent intellectual property rights technology, its ordinary steel production last year must be reached more than 10 million tons, or high alloy steel output reached 1 million tons. Foreign non-steel enterprises that invest in China's steel industry must have strong capital strength and higher credibility, and provide certificates of capital verification and corporate performance issued by Banks and accounting firms. The investment of overseas enterprises in domestic steel industry must be carried out in combination with the transformation and relocation of existing domestic steel enterprises. Foreign investment in China's steel industry, in principle, no foreign ownership.
Article 24, does not meet the industry development policy and without the approval of the project approval or irregularity, department of land and resources shall not go through the formalities of land use, industrial and commercial administrative departments shall not be registered, not approved contract and articles of association, business management department financial institutions do not provide loans and other forms of credit support, the customs shall not issue a tax exemption formalities of import equipment, the quality department shall not be issued production licenses, the environmental protection department shall not examine and approve projects environmental impact assessment documents and shall not discharge permit.
Article 25, all financial institutions to ironmaking, steelmaking, steel rolling projects issue long-term investment in fixed assets loans, to qualify for the iron and steel industry development policy, strengthen the risk management, the new capacity of ironmaking, steelmaking, steel rolling projects issue of investment in fixed assets loans needed for project of the national development and reform commission issued by the relevant project approval, the approval or registration documents.
Article 26 enterprises applying for initial public offering, or in the stock market financing, to raise funds to the steel industry, iron and steel industry development policy must be complied with, and offering securities regulators issued by the national development and reform commission to raise money to file.
Article 27 the state encourages the iron and steel production and equipment manufacturing enterprises adopt the way of trade or skill trade combine export has the advantage of technology and domestic metallurgy equipment, and in terms of export credit support.
Chapter vii raw material policy
Article 28. Mineral resources are owned by the state. The state encourages large iron and steel enterprises to carry out exploration and exploitation of resources such as iron ore, and mining must obtain mining licenses according to law. Iron ore resources of mining reserves of 50 million tons or more construction projects must be approved by the national development and reform commission or the examination and approval, at the same time be mine planning, production safety and land reclamation, water and soil conservation, underground backfilling, such as environmental protection work, combat dig behavior is forbidden. The department of land and resources shall withdraw mining rights and stop illegal mining activities without the illegal approval procedures.
Article 29 the state encourages enterprises to develop low-grade mining technologies and make full use of the domestic poor mineral resources according to the current situation of the resources of China's rich and poor mineral resources. The department of land and resources should increase exploration of mineral resources, protect mineral resources, and punish indiscriminate mining.
Article 30. In accordance with the principle of complementarity and mutual benefit, we should strengthen international cooperation with overseas mineral resources. Support conditional large-scale backbone enterprise group adopted abroad sole proprietorship, joint venture, cooperation, and purchase of mineral resources, including establishing iron ore, chrome ore, manganese ore, nickel ore, scrap steel, coking coal production supply base, etc. The mineral, coke and other important raw materials needed by the enterprises in the coastal areas are encouraged to rely on overseas market solutions.
Iron and steel association should improve the self-discipline and coordination of the industry, stabilize the domestic and foreign raw materials market.
When many domestic enterprises create vicious competition for overseas resources, the state may adopt administrative coordination means to jointly or determine a company to invest and avoid vicious competition. The enterprise shall obey the administrative coordination of the state.
The export tax rebate for these products shall be reduced or eliminated by restricting primary processing products such as high energy consumption, heavy coke, iron alloy, pig iron, scrap steel and billet (ingot).
Chapter viii steel economy
Article 31. The whole society will have to establish awareness of the use of steel, scientific use, and encourage the use of renewable materials and scrap steel for recycling, reducing the amount of steel used.
Article 32. The construction department shall timely organize the revision and improvement of the design specifications and standards for the use of construction steel, and reduce the use coefficient of steel in the case of ensuring safety.
The design department should design according to the design specifications and standards, and incorporate the developed economy and economical products into the standard design in time.
Article 33. Encourage research, development and use of new materials with high performance, low cost and low consumption, instead of steel.
Article 34 the steel enterprises shall be encouraged to produce high strength steel and corrosion resistant steel, improve the strength and service life of steel, and reduce the amount of steel used.
By promoting Ⅲ level (400 mpa) and above the level of hot rolled ribbed steel bar, various USES high strength steel plate, h-beam steel varieties, such as lower steel consumption.
Development and application of hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide corrosion resistance of the pipe and pipeline steel, atmospheric corrosion resisting steel plate and steel, refractory steel and other products, improve the service life of the corrosion resistance of steel and steel.
Article 35 with the increase in the number of steel products and the increase of scrap steel, the proportion of iron ore and the proportion of scrap steel are gradually reduced.
Chapter ix other
Article 36. Consultation, design and construction units engaged in steel industry activities must abide by the industrial policies. The relevant industry association should establish self-discipline mechanism and supervise each other. In violation of the provisions of this industrial policy, the relevant departments, such as the national development and reform commission, the ministry of construction and the administration of industry and commerce, shall punish the responsible and responsible units according to the provisions.
The industrial development policy is the basic requirement of the steel industry. The relevant departments and industry associations can formulate and revise relevant technical specifications and related standards according to the industrial policy.
Article 37. Standardize market order and maintain market stability. We will encourage steel enterprises to establish long-term strategic alliances with users, stabilize supply and demand relations, improve steel processing and distribution capacity, and extend the service of steel enterprises.
Article 38, give play to the role of industry associations, industry association to set up and improve the steel market supply and demand, production capacity, technical and economic indexes of early warning information release system on a regular basis and industry system, to the government administrative departments timely reflect industry trends and put forward policy recommendations, the major issues of the coordination of the development of the industry, strengthening industry self-discipline, to guide the development of the enterprise.
Article 39. This industrial policy shall be issued by the state council and shall be observed by all government administrative departments. In violation of the industry development policy for the construction of the units and administrative units, all levels of supervision, investment, land, industry and commerce, taxation, quality control, environmental protection, business, finance, securities supervision departments should investigate its responsibility.
Article 40. The development policy of the steel industry shall be formulated and revised by the relevant departments of the national development and reform commission and the state council for approval and shall supervise the implementation.
1, mentioned in the present industry development policy of iron and steel industry including iron ore, manganese ore, chrome ore selecting, sintering, coking, iron alloy, carbon products, refractories, ironmaking, steelmaking, steel rolling, metal products and so on various technology and related technology.
2. Cross-regional investment refers to transnational, trans-provincial, autonomous regional and municipal governments.
3. Overseas enterprises include foreign enterprises and registered enterprises in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan.